Shalom Children of G-d!
Welcome back to
Marie Speaks G-d’s Grace Bible Study.
This lesson, we continue with the final days of the life of Moses, our Teacher, may peace be upon him.
He closes with a speech and song to the Nation of Israel, the captains of the tribes, the elders, and the officers, along with all the men of Israel, the little ones, the wives, and the strangers in their camp, including converts( those not yet completed the Mikvah ceremony) and proselytes (modern day Noahides), from the woodcutters (idol carvers or modern day Rome 325/ aster worshippers ) to the water carriers( those rejected from conversion due to continued idolatries and sorcery practices).
Moses speaks about the covenant of the Lord HaShem The Blessed Holy One and His oath, not only with those present that day but also with those who are not present(surrounding earth inhabitants present time and future that would accept HaShem as G-d).
This occurs before his death and the entrance of the Nation of Israel into the Promised Land, fulfilling prophecies spoken thousands of years earlier to our Father Abraham.
This lesson we will review a of Deuteronomy Portion of the Bible Study.
In the following The Torah Reading Portion Bible Study we will be going over: First Torah: Simchat Torah: Deuteronomy 33:1 – 34:12; Genesis 1:1 – 2:3 Second Torah: Simchat Torah: Numbers 29:35 – 30:1 Haftarah:Joshua 1:1-18 and this will complete season 5.5
*****All links are hyper linked for credit….. please use responsibly as the Divine Name, is written, referenced, and spoken.*****
I entitled this Bible Study:
Deuteronomy ch 33: Blessing of Abraham, Isaac, Jacob, and Moses
I am glad you asked……
Blessings on Blessings…. some might say covenant on covenants.
The Psalmist said: “The earth is the Lord’s and the fullness thereof” (Pg. 24:1). Taking this statement literally, and deeming it appropriate to acknowledge the fruits of the earth as a gift from the Lord, the rabbis instituted the practice of reciting a benediction when partaking of any of them.
Hence, Judaism prescribes blessings to be said before and after eating, as well as before enjoying fragrant aromas, or upon seeing pleasing and awe-inspiring sights. In this way, the satisfaction of a physical craving is raised into the realm of the spirit. Eating becomes a religious act (Hertz, Daily Prayer Book, p. 961).
Rabbi Abraham Isaac Kook elaborates this concept, explaining that physical enjoyment fulfills its purpose only if it serves at the same time as I vehicle for moral satisfaction, i.e., the acknowledgment of God in the world. A person who partakes of things without saying a blessing first, and uses them only for the satisfaction of physical needs, reduces the value of the thing enjoyed by not fulfilling its higher purpose in the world (Kook, ‘Olat Re’iyah, 1:345).
He further stresses that holiness rests in man’s seeking moral fulfillment even in physical pleasures. When man acknowledges God with a benediction, and thus recognizes God’s creation in whatever he enjoys, he will experience a heightened appreciation of God’s grace, lovingkindness, and wisdom which are present in all creation (ibid., p. 347).
Is Cursing a thing?
According to the Talmud, even an undeserved curse by a scholar is effective (Mak. 11a), and an undeserved curse will fall back upon him who utters it (Sanh. 49a and Rashi, ad loc.). The biblical prohibitions of cursing were elaborated in rabbinic halakhah to comprise (1) The cursing of God (see *Blasphemy ). (2) The cursing of parents (Ex. 21:17; Lev. 20:9; cf. Prov. 20:20; 30:11; Sanh. 7:8). This prohibition applies to proselytes toward their unconverted parents (Maim. Yad, Mamrim, 5:11). (3) The cursing of judges and of the chiefs of the people: kings, heads of Sanhedrin, etc. (Ex. 22:27; Eccles. 10:20; Maim. Yad, Sanhedrin, 26:1). (4) The biblical prohibition of cursing the deaf (Lev. 19:14) was interpreted to include any poor, physically handicapped, or even any person in his absence (Sanh. 66a; Yad, loc. cit.). (5) The prohibition of cursing is extended to self-cursing (Shevu. 4:13; Yad, loc. cit.) (6) The cursing by a woman of her husband’s parents in his presence is a valid reason for divorcing her without the repayment of her *dowry as stipulated in the *ketubbah (“marriage contract”; Ket. 72a–b; Sh. Ar., EH 115:4). Cursing is permissible only when prompted by religious motives such as the cursing of those who are guilty of reprehensible actions (Men. 64b), or who mislead the people by calculating the date of the coming of the Messiah (meḥasehvei kiẓẓin; Sanh. 97b). While rabbinic ethics does not go to the length of the New Testament demand to “bless them that curse you…” (Luke 6:27), it disapproves of cursing in general and the Talmud quotes a popular proverb, “Be rather of the cursed than of the cursing” (Sanh. 49a). These ideas found their expression in the prayer cited in the Talmud (Ber. 17a) and said thrice daily at the conclusion of the *Amidah : “O my God, guard my tongue from evil and my lips from speaking guile; and to such as curse let my soul be dumb, yea, let my soul be unto all as the dust….”
The popular belief in the magical power of a curse, even if pronounced unintentionally, has led to the custom of reading the verses of the Bible, Leviticus 26:14–43 and Deuteronomy 28:15–68, called Tokheḥah (“chastisement”), in a low voice. Out of fear, people were reluctant to be called up to the Torah reading of these particular sections, so it became customary in some congregations to call for a volunteer (mi she-yirẓeh), or, when a beadle (shammash) was hired, it was agreed that it would be his duty to be called up for the reading of the Tokheḥah sections (see Isserles to Sh. Ar., OH 428:6). Some pious rabbis volunteered to read the Tokheḥah to prevent embarrassment to other people.
Almighty G-d Blessings Abraham….
HaShem, The Blessed Holy One Blesses Isaac
HaShem, Blesses Jacob and is taken as G-d of Israel
Isaac was the only legitimate son of Abraham, but Jacob was not the only legitimate son of Isaac. So why did G-d in His glorious wisdom choose Isaac to receive the blessing of Abraham and not Esau?
Some say it’s because Jacob, stole the Blessing from Esau. Others say the reason why G-d, chose Jacob, and not Esau, is because of the whole lentil soup incident. I however believe that there are several different possible reasons.
Torah is based on deeds, not emotions or finances, nor genital parts or supposed elite pedigree. Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, though not perfect persons, were willing to acknowledge G-d and pledge servitude to Him alone.
Abraham rejected a great family lineage of idolatry. Isaac rejected anger, frustration, and acting impulsively.
Jacob rejected deceit, arrogance, bitterness, victimhood, treachery, and murder.
These three patriarchs of Judaism in the Nation of Israel, through their willful hearts, minds, bodies, and souls, fulfilled the first ten Commandments that G-d would later reveal, after another great falling away had taken place, to Moses our Teacher.
Please, my friends, don’t mistake me… I am in no way suggesting that the Torah has not always existed. Nor am I suggesting that the Torah was not used to create, by the order of The Blessed Holy One, everything that has been and will ever be created by Him. What I am merely pointing out is the first time the Ten Commandments were written, as being introduced to an entire grand nation rather than just creation or an individual or just a family or tribe.
We spoke about an escalation of force. Now we are going to speak about an escalation of blessings, based on deed and merits.
Definition of deeds:
- Something that is carried out; an act or action.
- A usually praiseworthy act; a feat or exploit.
- Action or performance in general.
Definitions of merits:
- Superior quality or worth; excellence.
- A quality deserving praise or approval; virtue.
- Demonstrated ability or achievement.
“My cup over flows”
A Psalm of David. The Lord is my shepherd; I shall not want.
He makes me to lie down in green pastures: he leads me beside the still waters.
He restores my soul: he leads me in the paths of righteousness for his name’s sake.
Even though I walk through the valley of the shadow of death, I will fear no evil: for Thou art with me; Thy rod and Thy staff they comfort me.
Thou preparest a table before me in the presence of my enemies: Thou anointest my head with oil; my cup runs over.
Surely goodness and mercy shall follow me all the days of my life: and I will dwell in the house of the Lord forever.Tehillim Psalm 23
a Rose by this name is more then sweet…
During Kiddush, we harmonize love with awe, and recall redemption.
The fourth of the Ten Commandments proclaims: “Remember the Shabbat Day to keep it holy.” At the beginning of the Shabbat there has to be Kiddush: an act of separation, of consecration, emphasizing the difference between the work-days of the week and the holy day, which enables the soul to move into a state of inner tranquility and spiritual receptiveness. In addition to the words of consecration, in Judaism there is a general principle that, to as great an extent as possible, abstract events or processes and all pertaining to them are bound up with specifics and definite actions. Thus, the Kiddush consecration is also connected with the drinking of wine, which, in turn, becomes part of a ceremony and, in turn, is associated with the Shabbat wine sacrifices of the Holy Temple.After one has poured most of the wine into the cup, a little water, symbolizing grace and love, is added…
The Kiddush cup symbolizes the vessel through which, and into which, blessing comes. The numerical value of the letters in the word for drinking cup [in Hebrew, “kos“, spelled kaf, vav, samech = 86 ] is the same as that of the letters in that name of G‑d which expresses divine revelation in the world, in nature, in law – the name Elokim. And into the cup is poured the bounty, the wine that represents the power of the blessing of the word “wine” [in Hebrew “yayin“, spelled yud, yud, nun] whose numerical equivalent is seventy, which is also the number particular to Shabbat Eve.
Wine then evokes the bounty, the great plentitude and power; and red wine especially expresses a certain aspect of the sefira of gevura, which also has an aspect of severity and justice. Thus after one has poured most of the wine into the cup, a little water, symbolizing grace and love, is added to create the right mixture, or harmony, between chesed and gevura.
“Arise my love my fair one”
I am the tulip of the Sharon; the daffodil of the vallies.
Like the lily among thorns, so is my love among the daughters.
Like the apple tree among the trees of the wood, so is my beloved among the sons. I sat down under his shadow with great delight, and his fruit was sweet to my taste.
He brought me to the banqueting house, and his banner over me was love.
Let me lean against the stout trunks, let me couch among the apple trees: for I am sick with love.
His left hand is under my head, and his right hand embraces me.
I charge you, O daughters of Yerushalayim, by the gazelles, and by the hinds of the field, that you stir not up, nor awake my love, till it please.
The voice of my beloved! behold, he comes leaping upon the mountains, skipping upon the hills.
My beloved is like a gazelle or a young hart: behold, he stands behind our wall, he looks in at the windows; he peers through the lattice.
My beloved spoke, and said to me, Rise up, my love, my fair one, and come away.
For, lo, the winter is past, the rain is over and gone;
the flowers appear on the earth; the time of the singing bird is come, and the voice of the turtle is heard in our land;
the fig tree puts forth her green figs, and the vines in blossom give their scent. Arise, my love, my fair one, and come away.
O my dove, who art in the clefts of the rock, in the secret places of the cliff, let me see thy countenance, let me hear thy voice; for sweet is thy voice, and thy countenance is comely.
Take us the foxes, the little foxes, that spoil the vineyards: for our vineyards are in blossom.
My beloved is mine, and I am his: he feeds among the lilies.
Before the day cools, and the shadows flee away, turn, my beloved, and be thou like a gazelle or a young hart upon the mountains of Beter.
Now in this Bible Study will we read about the Blessings G-d gave to Moses and to a Nation. based of the merits and deeds of our Fathers…
an escalation of Blessings based off merits
And Moshe said to the Lord, See, thou sayst to me, Bring up this people: and thou hast not let me know whom thou wilt send with me. Yet thou hast said, I know thee by name, and thou hast also found favour in my sight.
Now therefore, I pray thee, if I have found favour in thy sight, show me now thy way, that I may know thee, that I may find favour in thy sight: and consider that this nation is thy people.
And he said, My presence shall go with thee, and I will give thee rest.
And he said to him, If thy presence go not with me, carry us not up from here.
For in what shall it be known here that I and thy people have found favour in thy sight? is it not in that thou goest with us? so shall we be differentiated, I and thy people, from all the people that are upon the face of the earth.
And the Lord said to Moshe, I will do this thing also that thou hast spoken: for thou hast found favour in my sight, and I know thee by name.
And he said, I pray thee, show me thy glory.
And he said, I will make all my goodness pass before thee, and I will proclaim the name of the Lord before thee; and will be gracious to whom I will be gracious, and will show mercy on whom I will show mercy.
And he said, Thou canst not see my face; for no man shall see me, and live.
And the Lord said, Behold, there is a place by me, and thou shalt stand upon a rock:
and it shall come to pass, while my glory passes by, that I will put thee in a cleft of the rock, and will cover thee with my hand while I pass by:
and I will take away my hand and thou shalt see my back: but my face shall not be seen.
And the Lord said to Moshe, Hew for thyself two tablets of stone like the first: and I will write upon these tablets the words that were on the first tablets, which thou didst break.
And be ready in the morning, and come up in the morning to mount Sinay, and present thyself there to me on the top of the mountain.
And no man shall come up with thee, neither let any man be seen throughout all the mountain; neither let the flocks nor herds feed before that mountain.
And he hewed two tablets of stone like the first; and Moshe rose up early in the morning, and went up to mount Sinay, as the Lord had commanded him, and took in his hand the two tablets of stone.
And the Lord descended in the cloud, and stood with him there, and proclaimed the name of the Lord.
And the Lord passed by before him, and proclaimed, The Lord, The Lord, mighty, merciful and gracious, longsuffering, and abundant in love and truth,
keeping troth to thousands, forgiving iniquity, and transgression, and sin, but who will by no means clear the guilty; punishing the iniquity of the fathers on the children, and on the children’s children, to the third and to the fourth generation.
And Moshe made haste, and bowed his head toward the earth, and worshipped.
And he said, If now I have found favour in thy sight, O Lord, let my Lord, I pray thee, go among us; for it is a stiffnecked people; and pardon our iniquity and our sin, and take us for thy inheritance.
And he said, Behold, I make a covenant: before all thy people I will do marvels, such as have not been done in all the earth, nor in any nation: and all the people among whom thou art shall see the work of the Lord that I will do with thee, that it is tremendous.
Observe thou that which I command thee this day: behold, I drive out before thee the Emori, and the Kena῾ani, and the Ḥitti, and the Perizzi, and the Ḥivvi, and the Yevusi.
Take heed to thyself, lest thou make a covenant with the inhabitants of the land to which thou goest, lest it be for a snare in the midst of thee:
but you shall destroy their altars, break their images, and cut down their asherim:
for thou shalt worship no other god: for the Lord, whose name is Jealous, is a jealous God:
lest thou make a covenant with the inhabitants of the land, and they go astray after their gods, and do sacrifice to their gods, and call thee, and thou eat of their sacrifice;
and thou take of their daughters to thy sons, and their daughters play the harlot after their gods, and make thy sons play the harlot after their gods.
Thou shalt make thee no molten gods.33:12-34:17 Exodus/Shemos
Let’s continue on..
What to expect this Bible Study. We have not returned to a full schedule, but I would like to ease into Season 6…..therefore we will be calling this part of the Season 5.5… hahahahahaha!It will not be a full schedule, but at least we have the warm up, because summer isn’t hot enough… right?!?!
But, once we get rockin and rollin……
We will continue to increase in our intro Hebrew vocabulary, intro Hebrew terminology, Tanakh (the actual …. Jewish Bible.. that means no “new testament”) introduction, and Torah Spiritual Teaching.(Moving on to the Bible Study section)
Blessings of the Torah:
Why Blessings of the Torah?: Before we begin the Study of the Torah a Blessing is done. In saying the Blessing we are for filling a mitzvah and Blessing HaShem, of Glory and Truth’s beautiful Torah.
A Mitzvah is defined basically as:
- A commandment of the Jewish law.
- The fulfillment of such a commandment.
- A worthy deed.
I, say these Blessings every morning during my morning prayers. And, to ensure I am not leading others into to improper practices, I want to ensure I repeat the Blessings of HaShem, Our Merciful Father’s Torah just incase others may not have yet had a chance today.
Let us begin with today’s lesson!
can be found by double clicking this hyper link which began at after this post upload video.
2. Biblical Text Portion of Bible Study.
This Bible Study I have continued to use
The version is hyperlinked for those who are interested in reading further on their own directly from the website or purchasing their own hard copy.
Moses begins a beautiful song of the History of the Nation of Israel in the above verses. Why a song? Why not just speak, shout, yell, scream, or fear-monger the words of Israel’s history in an attempt to force the fear of G-d upon a stiff neck people?
Free will and choice.
Sing me a song…. my love
Music has frequencies. Music is rhythmic math. Music allows the development of the forever memory phase to quickly occur in a student or an individual instructed in music. Music is multidimensional. In every culture and society, there is some form of music, whether verbal, instrumental, percussion, or a mixture thereof. Music, similar to body language and math, is a universal language.
For those who are interested in learning to read Hebrew, I encourage others to check out this free course online.
And did you know???!!!???!?!?!?
Below, I found an interesting article. I am not a biologist…lol #toosoon, or scientist, but from reading the article, I found the information interesting. That being said, please read with a grain of salt, caution, and always consider the sources. There are many sources out there. Always ask Almighty God for direction and to guide you, and you will be led to the source that you are meant to learn from. This is one of my personal many practice and belief.
Some verses that speak about songs, singing, and repetition.
Jeremiah 33:2-3 Thus says the Lord the maker of it, the Lord that formed it, to establish it; the Lord is his name; Call to me, and I will answer thee, and show thee great and mighty things, which thou knowst not.
Genesis 41:33 Now Pharaoh should seek a man of understanding and wisdom, and place him in charge of the land of Egypt.
And I applied my heart to seek and to search out by wisdom concerning all things that are done under heaven; it is a sore task that God hath given to the sons of men to be exercised therewith.
I turned about, and applied my heart to know and to search out, and to seekwisdom and the reason of things, and to know wickedness to be folly, and foolishness to be madness;
The scoffer will seekwisdom [ ] and not find it [in his heart], but wisdom will come easily to the understanding one.
An understanding heart will acquire wisdom [of itself], but the ear of the wise will seekwisdom.
Arrogance yields nothing but strife; Wisdom belongs to those who seek advice.
I found an article speaking about some of what I feel we have been learning here… I hope others enjoy a #clip it.
Pieces I considered necessary for researching Hebrew letters and musical notes:
- An understanding of the natural laws of musical harmonics (overtones series)
- Historical musical practices and writings from the time prior to the “
birth of Christ” in the near east. This includes the “Old Testament” of the Bible.
- Music history in general.
- The ability to read music well and understand the important factors of music theory.
- A good understanding of the historical practices behind concert pitch.
- Temperament – What is it? How does it work? How has is affected musical history? Temperament also refers to tuning, how it was done, and how people dealt with this difficult issue.
- If there are patterns, pay attention!
- Look for connections between music, nature, math, science, etc.; basically, anything that connects.
- Hebrew gematria – how it’s used, why it’s important, and how it all adds up (math).
I found it important to look for patterns first and foremost. It required delving a bit deeper into music history, theory, temperament, concert pitch, and tuning before I saw some of those patterns. I experimented with every form of gematria, thinking that I had to be missing something when nothing made sense. I knew to move on when a pattern or natural law couldn’t be found.
Everything in music is based off the harmonic series. There are natural harmonic laws that are a part of the world around us, just like the law of gravity affects everything on earth. We’re bound by those laws whether we like it or not. It’s important to consider natural laws when looking for answers. This is one of the reasons I disagree with what some say (historically and musically) concerning the solfeggio frequencies. They don’t fall into the natural laws of harmonics. In order to assign those numbers (396, 417, 528, 639, 741, 852, etc.) as musical frequencies, they should follow the natural laws of harmonics. Since they don’t, I think they’re something other than musical frequencies. That being said, anyone can pick any musical frequency and create music with it. When mixed with intent, it’s a musical recipe created for a specific purpose. Most musicians that use the solfeggio frequencies, use them for the intent of creating healing music.© 2018 by Del Hungerford
For those who would enjoy another source of reference of example as there are an abundance there of…. I have found this wonderful video. I pray others might enjoy.
Continuing on with the Bible Study
Recap: Who was Reuben?
Reuvein/ Reuben (Heb. רְאוּבֵן), firstborn son of Jacob and Leah (Gen. 29:32; 46:8), and the eponymous ancestor of the tribe of Reuben. The biblical derivation of the name is not etymological, but was given by Leah because it suggested the verb raʾah, “to see” and the fact that YHWH had seen, i.e., taken note of, Leah’s sorrow, and the noun ben, “son” (Gen. 9:32; in Ant. I: xix, 8 Josephus gives the name as Reubel). The attribution of primogeniture to Reuben may indicate that, originally Reuben headed the confederation of Israelite *tribes. He is mentioned first in the listing of the twelve (Gen. 46:8–23; Ex. 6:14–16; Num. 1:5–15, 20–42), and he enjoys a prominent position in the traditions of Israelite history prior to the conquest of Canaan in connection with the sale of Joseph (Gen. 37:21–22, 29–30; 42:22, 37) and rebellion against the leadership of Moses (Num. 16). The change that took place in the standing of the tribe is attributed to a sin of its ancestor; see Genesis 49:3–4;; and Genesis 35:21–22 for the incident to which they allude. In Genesis 49:3–4, Jacob rebukes Reuben for “mounting his (Jacob’s) couch,” by sleeping with Bilhah, Jacob’s concubine, and curses him with the words paḥaz kamayim al totar, conventionally translated “unstable as water may you not be preeminent.” This is interpreted by I Chronicles 5:1 to mean that Reuben lost his pre-eminent status as the first born. During the period of conquest and occupation, the tribe of Reuben lost the hegemony to the tribe of Joseph, which grew so that it split into the two tribes of Ephraim and Manasseh, and it was Joshua from the tribe of Ephraim who led the conquest of the land; while in the period of the monarchy, it was the tribe of Judah that was of prime importance. At one time the tribe of Reuben must have been in danger of extinction, since Deuteronomy 33 has only one short verse on it, and that, a prayer for its survival (Deut. 33:6). A further indication of Reuben’s troubles is provided by the more likely construal: paḥaz, ka-mayim al totar, to be translated, “wanton, like water nothing shall be left over of you” (for the thought, cf. II Sam. 14:14). It is probably no accident that no judges came from the tribe of Reuben, and still less that it is not mentioned in the *Mesha inscription though Gad is. The tribe, like that of *Simeon, remained semi-nomadic, subsisting principally from sheep-raising (Num. 32:1). Deborah reprimanded Reuben for not taking part in the war against Jabin and Sisera, choosing rather to “tarry among the sheepfolds, to hear the piping for the flocks” (Judg. 5:15–16).
How did Jacob Bless Rueben?
- And Ya῾aqov called to his sons, and said, Gather yourselves together, that I may tell you that which shall befall you in the last days.
- Gather yourselves together, and hear, you sons of Ya῾aqov; and hearken to Yisra᾽el your father.
- Re᾽uven, thou art my firstborn, my might and the beginning of my strength, the excellency of dignity, and the excellency of power:
- unstable as water, thou shalt not excel; because thou wentest up to thy father’s bed; then thou didst defile it: he went up to my couch.
Bereshit/ Genesis 49:1-4
Recap:Who was Yehuda?
The name Judah comes from the Hebrew word for gratitude. Leah gave birth to Judah and said “Now I will praise God” (Genesis 30:35) It was his idea to sell his brother Joseph to a Midianite slave trader rather than leave him to die in the pit (Genesis 37:27). He later became the spokesman for his father Jacob and his brothers when they traveled to Egypt during the famine in Canaan. He marries Shua, a Canaanite woman, and has three sons: Er, Onan, and Shelah. Judah is also involved with Tamar and has twin sons with her named Perez and Zerach.
How did Jacob Bless Yehuda?
- Yehuda thou art he whom thy brethren shall praise: thy hand shall be on the neck of thy enemies; thy father’s children shall bow down before thee.
- Yehuda is a lion’s whelp: from the prey, my son, thou art gone up: he stooped down, he couched as a lion, and as a lioness; who shall rouse him up?
- The staff shall not depart from Yehuda, nor the sceptre from between his feet, until Shilo come, and the obedience of the people be his.
- Binding his foal to the vine, and his ass’s colt to the choice vine; he washes his garments in wine, and his clothes in the blood of grapes;
- his eyes are red with wine, and his teeth white with milk.
Recap: Who is Levi?
Third son of Jacob and Leah and father of the tribe of Levi, from whom the Levites are descended. The tribe of Levi is one of the twelve tribes of Israel. Since Leah had already given Jacob two sons, she said “Now my husband will be joined with me” (Genesis 30:34). The Levites were distinguished as servants to God because of their refusal to worship to Golden Calf (Exodus 32: 26-29). Levi’s own three sons, Gerhson, Kahath and Merari, become Temple servants. After Levi’s sister Dinah was raped by Shechem, he and his brother Simeon destroyed the entire town. Levi was later involved in the plot to sell his brother Joseph into slavery.
How did Jacob Bless Levi?
- Shim῾on and Levi are brothers; instruments of cruelty are their swords.
- Let my soul not come into their council; to their assembly let my honour not be united: for in their anger they slew a man, and in their selfwill they lamed an ox.
- Cursed be their anger, for it was fierce; and their wrath, for it was cruel: I will divide them in Ya῾aqov, and scatter them in Yisra᾽el.
Recap: Who was Bejamin?
Originally named Ben-oni, or “son of my affliction” by his mother as she lay dying in labor, his name was later changed to Benjamin, meaning “son of my right hand” (Genesis 48:14). Next to Joseph, he was his favorite son. Benjamin the twelfth son of Jacob and born after Joseph was sold into slavery. After the family was invited to Egypt, Joseph sabatoged Benjamin’s sack by putting a silver cup in it and accusing the brothers of stealing. Joseph thought Benjamin would remain in Egypt but Judah offered to take his place, saying that his father would be devastated if Benjamin did not return. Jacob later blesses Benjamin while on his deathbed, calling Benjamin “a vicious wolf, devouring the prey in the morning, and dividing the spoil at night” (Genesis 49:27).
The tribe of Benjamin settled in central Israel, a plot that included the cities of Jericho and Jerusalem.
How did Jacob Bless Benjamin?
- Binyamin is a ravenous wolf: in the morning he shall devour the prey, and at night he shall divide the spoil.
Gensis Bereshit 49:27
Recap: Who is Yosef?
The biblical Joseph was the 11th son of Jacob. He was born to Jacob’s favorite wife, Rachel, in Paddan-Aram after she had been barren for seven years. Joseph fathered two of the twelve tribes of Israel: Ephraim and Manasseh. Information about Joseph is found in Genesis chapters 37-50.
At the age of 17, Joseph was a shepherd alongside his brothers. Jacob loved Joseph more than he loved his other sons. Joseph would report his brothers’ misdeeds to his father and Jacob gave Joseph a “coat of many colors.” The other brothers were jealous of Joseph and hated him. Joseph only further provoked this hatred when he told his brothers about two of his dreams. In the first, sheaves of wheat belonging to his brothers bowed to his own sheaf. In the second, the son, moon, and 11 stars bowed to him.
One day, Jacob sent Joseph to Shechem to check on his brothers. Joseph went to Shechem and, when his brothers were not there, followed them to Dothan. When the brothers saw him, they plotted to kill him and throw him into a pit. The oldest brother, Reuben, suggested that they merely throw Joseph into the pit, so Reuben could secretly save Joseph later. When Joseph approached, the brothers took his coat and threw him into the pit. They sat down to eat and saw a caravan of Ishmaelite traders from Gilead in the distance. Judah came up with the idea to sell Joseph into slavery. Joseph was sold for 20 pieces of silver. The brothers then dipped his coat into the blood of a slaughtered goat and brought it back to Jacob. Jacob recognized the coat and concluded that a beast had killed his son. He mourned for many days and was inconsolable.
Meanwhile, the traders took Joseph down to Egypt where Potiphar, an officer and head of the kitchen of Pharaoh, bought him. Joseph was successful there and Potiphar made Joseph his personal attendant, putting him in charge of the entire household.
Fast forward the story……
After Jacob had lived in Egypt for 17 years, he called Joseph to him and made him swear that when Jacob died, Joseph would not bury him in Egypt, but would take him to the burial place of his fathers. Joseph swore to this. Soon after, Joseph was told that his father was sick. He brought his two sons to Jacob. Jacob assured Joseph that he would consider Ephraim and Manasseh to be his sons just like Reuben and Simeon were when it came to the inheritance that God had promised Jacob’s offspring. Jacob then blessed Ephraim and Manasseh. Although Manasseh was the first-born, Jacob put his right hand, the stronger hand, on Ephraim’s head. When Joseph corrected him, Jacob said he did it on purpose and predicted that Ephraim would surpass Manasseh in greatness. Jacob told Joseph that he was about to die, but reassured him that God would be with him. He also assigned him an extra portion of his inheritance, a privilege usually given to the first-born.
Jacob blessed all of his sons, giving the longest blessing to Joseph. He instructed them to bury him in the cave of Machpelah, and then he died. Joseph flung himself at his father, cried and kissed him. Joseph then ordered his physicians to embalm Jacob. The Egyptians mourned for 70 days. Joseph received permission to go to Canaan to bury Jacob. He took his brothers and his father’s household, along with all of Pharaoh’s officials and dignitaries, and left Egypt in a large group. When they came to Goren ha-Atad, he observed a seven-day mourning period. Joseph and his brothers then continued to the cave of Machpelah where they buried Jacob. They then returned to Egypt.
Once Jacob was dead, the brothers were scared that Joseph would take revenge on them for selling him. They sent a message to Joseph saying that before his death Jacob had instructed them to tell Joseph to forgive them. They then offered to be his slaves. Joseph reassured them, saying that God intended for Joseph to go down to Egypt to ensure the survival of many people, and Joseph would take care of them and their children. So Joseph, his brothers and his father’s household remained in Egypt.
Joseph lived 110 years. He saw great-grandchildren from both his sons. Before he died, he told his brothers that God would one day bring them up from Egypt into the land that God promised their fathers. He made them swear to carry his bones out of Egypt into that land. Joseph died and was embalmed and put in a coffin in Egypt.
When the Jews eventually left Egypt, Moses carried out Joseph’s bones. Joseph was buried in Shechem, on a piece of land that Jacob had previously bought. Joseph’s two sons both became tribes in Israel and the northern Israelite kingdom is many times referred to as the “House of Joseph.”
Ephraim was the brother of Manasseh and the son of Joseph and Asenath, a woman whom was given to Joseph as a gift from the Pharaoh.
Jacob adopted the two sons as part of the tribe of Simeon and Reuben. Ephraim received the blessing of the firstborn, although Manasseh was the eldest, because Jacob foresaw that Ephraim’s ancestors would be greater than his brother’s (Genesis 48:13-20).
The tribe of Ephraim settled in central Israel, stretching from just west of the Jordan River to the central coast of the Mediterranean Sea.
Manasseh was the son of Joseph and Asnat (who was given to Joseph as a gift from the Pharaoh) and brother of Ephraim.
Jacob adopts both Manasseh and his brother Ephraim as part of the tribe of Simeon and Reuben. Although Manasseh was technically the eldest son, he does not receive the greater blessing. Ephraim does, as Jacob foresaw that his descendants were more worthy of the blessing than Manasseh’s (Genesis 48:13-20).
The tribe of Manasseh settled across the largest territory in Israel, stretching from the Jordan River across to the Mediterranean Sea. Half of the tribe settled east of the Jordan River but agreed to join the rest of the people in the war against the Philistines.
- Yosef is a fruitful bough, a fruitful bough by a well; whose branches run over the wall:
- the archers fiercely attacked him, and shot at him, and hated him:
- but his bow abode in strength, and the arms of his hands were made supple by the hands of the mighty God of Ya῾aqov; (from thence from the shepherd, the Stone of Yisra᾽el:)
- by the God of thy father, Who shall help thee; and by the Almighty, Who shall bless thee, with blessings of heaven above, blessings of the deep that couches beneath, blessings of the breasts, and of the womb:
- the blessings of thy father are potent above the blessings of my progenitors to the utmost bound of the everlasting hills: they shall be on the head of Yosef, and on the crown of the head of him that was separated from his brothers.
Recap: Who is Zevulun and whom is Yisssachar?
When he was born Leah said “God has provided me with a good dowry” (Hebrew: zvad). He was part of the plot to sell Joseph into slavery, and later one of the group sent to Egypt to buy corn. He later lived in Egypt with his three sons Sered, Elon and Jahleel. Zebulun received the blessing from Jacob of: “Zebulun shall settle the seashores; he will be a harbour for ships; his border shall reach Sidon (Genesis 49:13). The tribe of Zebulun inhabited the northern land of Canaan. Both the tribes of Naphtali and Zebulun are mentioned as brave soldiers in the Song of Deborah during the battle against Sisera (Judges 5:18).
The tribe of Zebulun settled to the west of the tribe of Issachar, in the middle of the Galilee.
One interpretation of his name is “man of reward” (Hebrew: shcar). Issachar was the product of the mandrake incident (Genesis 30:9-18) and was involved in the plot to sell his brother Joseph into slavery. Issachar settled in Egypt after the famine in Canaan and had four sons: Tolah, Puvvah, Yov and Shimron. He receives a blessing from his father Jacob that he “bends his back to the load, working like a slave” (Genesis 49:14-15). The descendants of Issachar are men of learning according to Jewish tradition.
The tribe of Issachar settled east of the Jordan River just below the Sea of Galilee.
How did Jacob Bless Issachar and Zebulun ?
- Zevulun shall dwell at the shore of the sea; and he shall be a haven for ships; and his border shall be at Żidon.
- Yissakhar is a strong ass couching down between the sheepfolds:
- and he saw that rest was good, and the land that it was pleasant; and he bowed his shoulder to bear, and became a servant to tribute.
Bereshit Genesis 49:: 13-15
Recap: Who was Gad?
His mother was Zilpah, Jacob’s concubine and Leah’s slave. Gad’s name comes from the Hebrew word troop. Leah named him Gad, saying “A troop is coming.” He was part of the plot to sell Joseph to Egypt and later sent to Egypt to buy corn during the famine in Canaan. Gad later moved to Egypt and lived there with his seven sons. Jacob blessed Gad on his deathbed, saying: “Raiders will raid Gad, but he will raid at their heel” (Genesis 49:19).
The tribe of Gad settled on the eastern bank of the Jordan River in the Gilead region and agreed to join the other tribes in the war against the Philistines.
How did Jacob Bless Gad?
- Gad, raiders shall maraud him, but he shall overcome at the last.
Recap: Who is Dan and Naftoli?
The tribe of Naphtali settled in northern Canaan and were described as brave soldiers in the Song of Deborah (Judges 5:18). Naphtali’s blessing from his father called him “a running deer” (Genesis 49:21). Naphtali was given his name because Rachel said “With great wrestlings have I wrestled my sister” (Genesis 30:8).
Dan was one of the brothers involved in the plot to sell his brother Joseph into slavery. Later, Dan’s father Jacob sent him to Egypt to buy corn during the severe famine in Canaan. Dan receives a blessing from Jacob that “Dan shall judge his people” (Genesis 49:16). Similarly, one explanation of the name Dan is that when Rachel was convinced that she was unable to have children, she cried “God has judged me” (Genesis 30:5). The region of Dan in the Book of Judges is located in the far north of Canaan and referred to early in Genesis during Abraham‘s chasing of Chedorlaomer (Genesis 14:14).
The tribe of Dan also settled in the southern part of the country and since the tribal territory covered both northern and southern parts of the country the expression “from Dan to Beer-sheba” indicates the entire span of the Israelite land.
How did Jacob Bless Dan and Naftoli?
- Dan shall judge his people, as one of the tribes of Yisra᾽el.
- Dan shall be a serpent by the way, an adder in the path, that bites the horse’s heels, so that his rider shall fall backward.
- I wait for thy salvation, O Lord.
- Naftali is a hind let loose: he gives goodly words.
Recap: Who was Asher?
His mother was Zilpah, Leah’s maidservant. Leah named him Asher, saying “Happy am I” (Genesis 30:13). Asher played a role in the plot to sell his brother Joseph into slavery. Asher and his four sons and daughter later settled in Egypt. Jacob blessed Asher on his deathbed, saying: “From Asher will come the richest food; he will provide the king’s delights” (Genesis 49:20)
The tribe of Asher settled along the northern Mediterranean coast of Israel, as far north as the city of Tyre.
How did Jacob Bless Asher?
- Out of Asher his bread shall be fat, and he shall yield royal dainties.
Who was Israels’ most wicked King and Most Righteous?
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This is why I love history… everything coming together?! Let’s take a look.
Events listed did not necessarily happen at the year listed, rather on or in-between that date and the next.
|Jewish Date||Jewish Events||World Events||Common Dates|
|1-2000||2000 years of tohu vavohu – null and void||Creation, Flood, Babel|
|1948||Birth of Abraham in Ur Chasdim, or Ur of the ChaldeasCenter of Sumerian culture.||Early Bronze AgeNoachide Laws, Chaldean and Sumerian Culture||1812|
|1951||Abraham begins to doubt idols, and search for truth||Ziggurats of Ur|
|Jewish Date||Jewish Events||World Events||Common Dates|
|2000||Beginning of the 2000 years of Torah||1760|
|2000||Abraham and Sarah start teaching Torah. Beginnings of monotheism as a way of life||Code of Hammurabi||1760|
|20352048||Birth of Ishmael – son of Abraham and HagarBirth of Isaac. Circumcision of Abraham and his family||1712|
|2085||Akeidat Yitzchak. The Binding and Near Sacrifice of Isaac.Isaac and Rebecca. Jacob and Esau. Blessings and Birthright.|
|2108||Jacob, Rachel & Leah, 12 Sons = 12 Tribes. Transition from being a family to being a nation. Jacob fights with the angel and is given the name Israel, Yisrael||Hyksos, Shepherd kings, invade Egypt.||1652|
|2199||Joseph is sold by his brothers and is taken to Egypt.Eventually due to his dream interpretations he becomes the Viceroy of Egypt – Ztaphenat Phaneach||Hyksos driven out of Egypt.||1561 1567|
|2238||Entry into Egypt by the 70 members of the family of Jacob Settlement in the Land of Goshen – Shepherds||18th Dynasty||1522|
|2331||Enslavement begins with the death of the last of the 12 sons of Jacob, Levi. Birth of Miriam. Amram, Levi’s grandson marries Yocheved, Levi’s daughter. They have 3 children Miriam, Aaron and Moses (Batya, daughter of Pharaoh finds Moses in Nile and brings him up in Pharaoh’s palace)||Thutmose IV? Pitom (Tanis) & Ramses||1429|
|2368||Moses – Moshe – 5 levels of test before he is chosen as a prophet at the Burning Bush 1. Leaving palace to identify with brothers 2. Saving Jew from Egyptian oppression 3. Saving one Jew from another 4. Saving one stranger from another stranger. Justice, mercy and humility. 5. Brings water to sheep.||1392|
|2448||Exodus, Desert Plagues, Red Sea, Manna, Clouds of Glory, Well of Miriam.||Thutmose III?||1312|
|2448||Revelation at Mt. Sinai. Written & Oral Laws given to the entire Jewish people – 3,000,000 prophets.. Moses’ prophecy and authority confirmed by personal experience of every Jew; therefore no prophets or miracles etc. may challenge laws received at Sinai. – Bava Metzia 59a – “Not in heaven.” Golden calf (replacement of Moses, not G-d!) Yom Kippur – atonement, Teshuvah, 2nd tablets. 12 spies & lack of faith – decree – 9th of Av.||1312|
|2488||Moses write 13 scrolls of the complete Torah and gives one to each tribe, and puts one in the Holy Ark.Death of Moses outside of Israel – burial place unknown||1273|
|2489||Joshua – disciple of Moses becomes the leader of the Jewish people. First ordination – semichah – in history.Entry into Israel – 10th of Nissan. Battle of Jericho, Rachav & spies. (Biblical Archaeology Review – pottery, grain intact, no looting, burnt, collapsed walls, Egyptian relics) 7 years of conquest, 7 years of settlement. East bank and West bank of Jordan. 31 Canaanite city states. Altar at Gilgal, Blessings & curses on Mt. Gerizim and Mt. Eival. Condition of entry to Israel was acceptance of the Torah..||Middle Bronze Age Interchange Period -(MBI)Canaanite and Phoenician culturedominate Israel||1271|
|2515||Death of Joshua – Beginning of Period of Judges- Tribes independent – but advised and ruled by Judges.||Philistines – Gaza||1245|
|Othniel, Ehud, Deborah, Gideon, Abimelech, Tola, Yair, Jeftah,Ibzan, Elon, Abdon, Samson, Eli. Pilegesh Begiva – Civil war!|
|2885||Samuel – Chose Jerusalem as capital. Anointed Saul as first king of Israel – Saul loses kingdom – Amalek.||Early Greek States founded||875|
|Natan the prophet anoints Solomon. (Samuel dies 28th Iyar – same day Temple Mount recaptured by Israel in 1967).|
|Kings – David, Solomon – philosopher kings. Davidic Lineage starts. Psalms.||Assyrian Empire|
|2892||David becomes King of Israel. Anointed in Hebron and rules from there for 7 years, then moves to Jerusalem. (In 2889 Avner appoints Ish Boshet as king of Israel, who rules for two years)||869|
|2924||Solomon becomes King of Israel. Author of Proverbs, Ecclesiastes, Song of Songs. Peace and prosperity. Concubines- improper conversions, Messianic hope?||837|
|2928||First Temple started (pomegranate relic, mines, stables) 10 continuous miracles of First Temple, Urim Vetumim – Divine Presence||Rise of Assyrian Empire||832|
|2964||Division of Israel & Judea Rehovoam son of Solomon. Jeroboam. North-10 Tribes. South.- Judah, Benjamin, Priests & Levites. Elijah & prophets of Baal, Achaz & Jezebel||796|
|Jewish Date||Jewish Events||World Events||Common Dates|
|3150||Isaiah-prophecies of Messianic times||Homer||610|
|3199||Hezekiah – Chizkiyahu, becomes king of Judea. Potential Messiah – and considered one of the most righteous of kings.Under Hezekiah the kingdom became imbued with Torah learning||Shalmanazer – King of Assyria conquers Israel. Settles Samaritans in North.||562|
|3205||Assyrians Exile the 10 Tribes. The (good?!) Samaritans. Theories of lost tribes- probably assimilated. King of Assyria invades Judea, beseiges Jerusalem.||Senacherib – King of Assyria.Beginning of Rome||556|
|3298||Jeremiah begins his prophecies – predicts the destruction of the Temple.||Confucious|
|3320||Exile of Judah to Babylon in days of King Yehoyachin.||Rise of Babylon|
|3338||Babylonians destroy First Temple on the 9th of Av and exile the Jews to Babylon. Some flee to Europe. Walls breached on 7th of Tammuz, sacrifices stopped on 17th of Tammuz.Leave behind a remnant, ruled by Jewish governor, Gedaliah.On 3rd of Tishrei, Gedaliah is assassinated by Jews.||Nebuchadnezar (According to Greek historians – Temple destroyed in 587)||423|
|3340||Jeremiah, Ezekiel Prophecies of destruction and exile, prophecies of return.||Socrates, Plato||422|
|3340||Babylonian Exile, Daniel. Aramaic becomes Jewish language. Academies of Torah study. Autonomy of internal affairs.||421|
|3386||Proclamation of Cyrus, Return to Israel. Minority returns in Nissan – same month as Exodus from Egypt.||Persian Empire||372|
|3390||Second Temple started||Medean Empire||368|
|3393||Cambys, Achashverosh stops construction. Feast celebrating “extinction” of Jews. Scroll of Esther. 164 “missing” years.||365|
|3400||Purim, Mordechai, Ezra the Scribe Renewal of settlement in Israel in the Golan heights, on the West and East banks of the Jordan river. Peaceful conquest||Aristotle||358|
|3408||Second Temple completed. End of Prophecy. Joy and tears – no Ark, no Urim Vetumim, none of the 10 miracles. 70 years after destruction||Alexander the Great||353|
|Men of the Great Assembly establish the Liturgy. Shimon Hatzadik, the High Priest, meets Alexander of Macedon – transition – Prophets to sages. Transition changes confrontation, free-will requires equal & opposite Jewish prophets vs. pagans with supernatural powers – challenge Sages of the Oral Law vs. Greek philosophy (intellect vs. intellect) .Septuagint – Torah in Greek – Fast of 9th Tevet||Ptomelaic Empire in Egypt. Seleucids in Syria.||313|
|3648||Maccabean Revolt (Strong into hands of weak!) Decrees, Stadiums, Hellenism. Chanuka. Jew vs. Jew Ptolemies, Seleucids – Antiochus. Maccabees (Priests) become kings, form alliance with Rome against Greeks. Beginnings of sectarianism.||164 -> 168|
|Jonathan brother of Judah becomes king. In-fighting, intrigues and hatred among Hasomonean kings and family.||Rise of Roman Empire||152|
|3696||Herod & Pompeii make deal – Israel joins Roman Empire||Pompeii||62|
|3724||Herod – Paranoiac, persecutes sages. Renovates Temple to win popularity, Masada, Herodion (Ref. Josephus)||34 BCE|
|3700||Romans in the Land of Israel (invited)||10|
|3710||Philo of Alexandria||20|
|3770||Essenes – Dead Sea Scrolls||Early Christians||10 CE|
|3728||Hillel and Shammai|
|3788||Exile of Sanhedrin, Rabbi Yochanan ben Zachai|
|3827||Rabban Gamliel. Yeshu Hanotzri? Roman Occupation Rome initially makes legal exceptions for Judaism, wants Jews as Roman allies not Seleucid allies. Era of Pairs. Roman taxes, decrees. End of great Sanhedrin.||67|
|The Great Revolt||Titus||66 -> 73|
|3828||Romans destroy 2nd Temple – 9th of Av About 2,000,000 killed. Cruelty, Exile, Slavery. Ramban – Ki Tavo Rabbi Yochanan Ben Zakai – “Yavneh and its Sages” Prophecies in Deuteronomy 28:42 – Nachmanides commentary||Vespasian||68|
|3830||Rabbi Akiva, Rabbi Meir (stam Mishnah R. Meir) 24,000 students. 4 into Pardes, Acher.|
|3833||Masada, the Zealots – Talmudic silence Mikveh||.||73|
|Josephus Flavius – Wars of the Jews, Antiquities, Contra-Appion.||38 -> 100|
|3893||Bar Kochba Revolt, Betar – 9th of Av. Rabbis support Bar Kochbah as Messiah until killed by Romans. Bar Kochba letters. Ten martyrs||Hadrian||133|
|3950||Mishnah, Judah the Prince – Rabenu Hakadosh Scholar, Davidic lineage, righteous, Hebrew, wealth. Universal agreement||Antonius||170 –190|
|3953||Pescennius Niger – “You ask me to relieve your lands of their taxes; would that I could tax the very air you breathe.”||193|
|Jewish Date||Jewish Events||World Events||Common Dates|
|4000||2000 years of Messiah||240|
|4000||Rabbi Shimon Bar Yochai – The Zohar|
|4073||Constantine forbids Jews in Jerusalem. Beginnings of theological anti-Semitism.Main focus of learning in the Jewish communities of Israel and Babylon becomes the Mishnah. Yarchei Kallah – communal study seminars convened regularly.||Constantine – becomes Christian Rome/Byzantium split. Nicean Council decides on Christian dogma||313|
|4110||Jerusalem Talmud – R. Muna ben Yonah, R.Yosi ben Bun||350|
|4140||Hillel II – calendar. Theodosius forbids Sanhedrin to assemble, reaction to Julian’s pro-Jewish stance. Calendar adopted at clandestine, & maybe last meeting.||Julian the Apostate||380|
|4260||Babylonian Talmud – Sof Horaah – End of Instruction||500|
|4360||Ravina and Rabbi Ashi. Rabanan Sevorai Last time that all Jewish scholars voted and discussed issues, thus equivalent authority of Sanhedrin. Geonic period begins||Beginnings of Islam – Mohammed||600|
|4384||Jews reject Islam, expulsions from Arabia. Rejection by Jews of Islam turns into hatred of Jews by Moslems||624-628|
|4397||Arabs invade Israel||637|
|4392||Emperor Heraclius decrees Jews of Byzantium to be forced into Christianity. 613-661 also in Spain, Gaul & Italy.||632|
|4471||90% of Jews under Moslems. (Yellow badge) Generally better off under Islam than under Christianity – closer philosophically (monotheism) & genetically. Dhimmis, tolerated minority under Islam vs. persecuted minority under Christians. Judaism is only problematic to Islam, but is an absolute contradiction to Christianity. “Fight those who do not practice the religion of truth from among those to whom the Book has been brought, until they pay the tribute by their hands, and they be reduced low.” Koran – Sura 9:2. Khazars convert to Judaism.||Moslem Arabs invade Spain||711|
|4527||Anan Ben David – Karaites – threat of schism. Opposition to Oral Law – Fire on Shabbat, cholent, pikuach nefesh||767|
|4650||Rabbi Saadya Gaon (the Geonate) First systematic work of Jewish philosophy, partially to combat the Karaite challenge to tradition. Letter of Rav Sherira Gaon.||Emperor Charlemagne-800||890|
|4715||Four captives – decentralization of Torah. Growth of European and Nth. African Torah centers. Rabeinu Gershom – Light of the Exile – decrees against forced divorce, polygamy, reading others’ mail. Decline of Babylonian Academies||955|
|4773||RIF – Rabbi Isaac Alfasi of Morocco creates first condensation and codification of Jewish Law – R. Zerachiah Halevi writes critique of code.||1013|
|4800||Rabbi Shlomo Yitzchaki – RaSHI Commentaries on virtual all classic texts. Concise and deep. Systematic grammar, translations, elucidation of verses based on Midrash.Troyes, Mayence, Worms.||1040|
|Rabbi Avraham Ibn Ezra – Fight against Karaites using logic & grammar||1092|
|4856||9th of Av – Start of First Crusade resulting in widespread slaughter of Jewish communities in the Rhineland.||Crusades||1096|
|Godfrey de Boullion – Leader of a Crusade – “Kill the heretics amongst us before going to Holy Land.”Jerusalem captured by the Crusaders||1096|
|4895||Maimonides – Rambam, R. Moses ben Maimon -student of the Spanish, Middle Eastern & Nth. African schools. Guide, Code, Book of the Commandments, 13 Principles of Faith, Commentary, Letters, Medical writings. Controversy, criticisms. Life in Egypt. Physician of Egyptian court.||Saladin – leads Moslems in fight against Crusaders.(Patient of Rambam)||1135|
|4906||Expulsion from parts of Germany. Desecrating “host”, blood libels. Rabenu Yaakov Tam – Baalei HaTosfot – French and German schools.|
|4909||Almohades bring Islamic intolerance to Spain fostering the spread of Spanish-Jewish culture outside the borders of Spain particularly in Provence, at the crossroads of Sefarad and Ashkenaz. The Orient and Europe||1149|
|4910||R. Yehudah Hachasid – Chasidei Ashkenaz. Era of the Pietists of Germany||Battle of Hastings1066||1150 – 1217|
|4920||Benjamin of Tudela – Travels of Benjamin||1160|
|4946||Expulsion from France||1186|
|4949||Third Crusade – Widespread massacres of Jews in England||Richard Lion Heart||1189|
|4950||R. Yehudah Halevi – Kuzari, poems, Hebrew York massacre||1190|
|4954||Nachmanides (1194 – 1270) Ramban, Rabbi Moses ben Nachman. Defender of earlier sages (inc. Rambam) against attacks, Alfasi against R. Zerachiah Halevi. Commentaries- Tanach and Talmud, Kabbalah.||Saladin in Jerusalem||1194|
|4992||Burning of Maimonides’ Guide in Provence (possibly causing – later book-burning by anti – Semitic authorities)||1232|
|5000||Aliyah of authors of Tosafot after disputation of R. Yechiel of Paris||1240|
|5002||Burning of Talmud in Paris – 24 cartloads. Fast day||1242|
|5023||Disputation of Ramban with Pablo Christiani in – Barcelona, 20th July, 1263. Rabbi Meir of Rottenburg (imprisonment) – refuses ransom. Rabenu Yona of Gerona – Gates of Repentance. Rabbi Levi ben Gershon – Astronomer, inventor of Jacob’s Staff Expulsion from England – 9th of Av. Bodlean Library – Oxford – stolen and abandoned Jewish books.||Edward I||1290|
|5064||Rashba – Cherem on study of philosophy for those under 25 years of age||1305|
|5065||Expulsion of Jews from most of France||1306|
|5116||Poisoning & conspiracy libels against Jews during Black Plague. Pogroms & expulsions. The Rashba of Barcelona, Spain. Rabenu Asher, the Rosh, fled from Germany to Toledo, Spain – nexus of Sephardi and Ashkenazi cultures enables son R. Yaakov combines scholarship of both in the Arbah Turim.||Black Plague||1357|
|5155||Expulsion from Provence – Meiri, Raavad, Radak, Ibn Tibbon||1395|
|Ibn Tibbons translators- Arabic to Hebrew Expulsion- Austria Continuous insecurity in Europe; discrimination, expulsions e.g. Speyer: Jews out 1405, in 1421, out 1430, in 1434, out 1435, in 1465||1395|
|5213||Ottoman Turks capture Israel from Moslems creating impetus to Jewish settlement in Israel- although numbers small.||Fall of Byzantium||1453|
|5235||First printing of Jewish books on printing press||1475|
|5252||Inquisition culminates with the expulsion from Spain on the 9th Av. Expulsions from Italy and Sicily Don Isaac Abarbanel – commentary on Tanach, advisor to Queen Isabella||Columbus – refuge||1492|
|5257||Portuguese expulsion, Auto-de-Fe, Marranos.||1497|
|5280||First printing of Talmud – Daniel Bomberg, Venice. Censorship. Pagination, commentary selection and layout of Bomberg still used today. “Rashi” script used for first time in printing.||Reformation. Luther – “The Jews & Their Lies.” Rejection leading to hatred||1520|
|5300||Kabbalists of Safed. Ari’Zal (1534-72) Rabbi Chaim VitalR. Shlomo Alkabetz – Lecha Dodi The Alsheich. Aliyah gradually increases.||1540|
|5325||Code of Jewish Law – Shulchan Aruch – Rabbi Yosef Karo (1488-1575) R. Moses Isserless (1525-1572) Israel – Sephardi Poland – Ashkenazi Universal acceptance, commentaries (Kitzur Shulchan Aruch – Condensed Code – Rabbi Shlomo Ganzfried – late 19th Century)||Shakespeare – “Merchant of Venice” – No Jews in England since||1565|
|5408||Chmielnicki Pogroms – unspeakable cruelty Jews dejected, searching for hope, feeling of immanent Messianic revelation Total Jewish Pop.- 3.5 million Eastern Europe – 1.3 million.100,000 murdered, 300 communities destroyed.||Russian – Polish WarBogdan Chmielnicki||1648|
|5411||Shabtai Zvi – False Messiah – charisma, asceticism mysticism||1651|
|5416||Spanish-Portuguese Jews, Touro – Rhode Island. First Jews in America. Peter Stuyvesent reluctant to admit Jews to New Amsterdam. Baruch Spinoza – forerunner of modern Bible criticism & perhaps unintentionally of modern anti-Semitism, excommunicated in Amsterdam.||1656|
|5423||Shabtai Tzvi meets Nathan of Gaza “Prophet” – Israel Misuse of Kabbalah. (Similarly Jacob Frank a century later)||1663|
|5426||S.T. Abolishes 9th of Av, declares march on Jerusalem to capture from Sultan. Imprisoned by Sultan, converts to Islam.||Great Fire -London||1666|
|5427||R. David Halevi Segal – Taz, dies. 2 sons killed in pogroms, exiled to Moravia. One of the greatest commentaries on Code of Jewish Law together with R. Shabtai Cohen – Shach.|
|5460||Rabbi Israel Baal Shem Tov – Chassidism – Galicia, Ukraine, Podolia. The Tzadik, songs, joy, popularization of Kabbalistic teachings, sincerity, fervor, prayer and spontaneity..||Frederick I||1700|
|5461||Moses Chaim Luzzatto – (RaMCHaL). Systematizing of Kabbalah into logical steps, accessibility to laymen (criticism!). Ethical classics – Path of the Just, The Way of G-d, plays, poetry.||Leibnitz||1701|
|5473||R.Yehezkel Landau- Responsa Noda Biyehudah- Opposition to Chassidism Opposition to Kabbalistic prayers prior to performance of Mitzvot.||1713-1793|
|5480||The Gaon(Genius), R. Elijah of Vilna -GRA. Supremacy of Torah study through intellectual efforts of man. Opposition to Chassidism – Excesses due to emphasis on joy and spontaneity, charismatic leadership, popularization of Kabbalah (fear of Shabtai Zvi phenomenon), new customs, changes in liturgy. Rabbi Shneur Zalman of Liadi – Tanya – Chabad -LubavitchR. Chaim of Volozhin – Nefesh Hachaim. Volozhin – “Mother of Yeshivot”||David Hume||1720|
|5516||Conflict of R. Yaakov Emden and R. Yonason Eybeshutz over accusations of Shabeteanism||1756|
|5536||Beginnings of liberalization in Western Europe – Some Jews allowed to live outside Ghettos||American Revolution ends. Declaration of Independence||1776|
|5543||Moses Mendelssohn -“Religion due to Reason” German Biur of Torah. Children assimilate – grandchildren baptized. Pseudo-scientific, racial anti-Semitism. Fully blown in late 19th Century developing ultimately into Nazism in 20th century.||Immanuel Kant Voltaire – “Religion of Reason”||1783|
|5549||The Emancipation – Emperor Franz-Josef grants citizenship to the Jews, entrance to universities and professions permission to leave ghettoes and enter society.Jacob Frank – false messiah in Poland died 1791||French Revolution||1789|
|5551||Equal rights for French Jews on condition. Napoleon – “For Jews as Jews nothing, for Jews as Frenchmen everything””Sanhedrin.” Economic, social, intellectual and political pressure to assimilate. Four approaches – 1. Individual assimilation (Baptism, intermarriage) Heinrich Heine- “Baptism is the ticket of entry to European society” 2. Adaptation of Judaism to Zeitgeist (Reform, science of Judaism); S. Holdheim “we say merely this, anything which upon unbiased examination does not conform to the current religious spirit holds for us no authority.” 3. Isolation from emancipation and modernity (Chassidim, Chatam Sofer); 4. Involvement in modern world without compromising of Halachic standards (Rabbi S. R. Hirsch).||NapoleonFrench Constitution||1791|
|5575||Immigration to Israel, Chassidim & students of GRA – Safed, Tiberias, Hebron, Jerusalem. R. Israel of Shklov – Peat Hashulchan – Code of Jewish Law for Israel||Battle of Waterloo||1815|
|5578||Reform MovementHamburg Temple – bells, organ, German prayers and sermon||1818|
|5600||R. Samson Raphael Hirsch – Torah & Derech Eretz. Horeb, 19 Letters. Separate communities. German Kehillah. Jewish Day School. Damascus Blood Libel||1840|
|5614||R. Israel Salanter – the Mussar movement. Lithuania – Combating cold intellectualism, emphasis on ethics, self-improvement, general reinforcement of inner aspects of Judaism, Mussar, R. Israel Salanter – R. Isaac Blazer, R. Naftali Amsterdam, Alter of Kelm. Different approaches to self-improvement- Greatness of Man or lowliness of Man, self-criticism. Opposition to Mussar by many Yeshivot. e.g. Volozhin – “bitter medicine” only for the sick. Study of Torah provides ethics.||Crimean War||1854|
|5641||Pogroms in the Ukraine. Benjamin Disraeli (1804-1881) Prime Minister Baptized by father. Alexander II killed – by Jewish anarchist May Laws- Backlash||Emigration – USA, England,South Africa||1881|
|5645||Reform movement has open field in the USA||Pittsburgh Platform||1885|
|5646||Treif Banquet – Reaction – Jewish Theological Seminary -Solomon Morais – Beginnings of Conservative Movement||Rise of nationalism in Europe and Balkans.||1886|
|5654||Dreyfus Trial, Theodore Herzl, Max Nordau The Jewish State, conversion. Panama, Vatican Bank. Pales of settlement.||Nicholas II- Russia||1894|
|5657||1st Zionist Congress, Basle. Agudas Israel founded as political representative of non- or anti-Zionist Orthodox Jews.||1897|
|5663||Vote on Israel vs. Uganda, Madagascar Sir Moses Montefiore, Rothchilds – Continue tradition of shtadlanim. Mass Immigrations- USA (2 million Jews by 1924) No official anti-Semitism; but no work for Shomrei Shabbos, ignorance, no Jewish education, alternatives to total abandonment exist, difficult to keep kosher – many abandon Orthodoxy for economic reasons. Many came with intent to abandon Judaism. Yiddish newspapers, left-wing e.g. Jewish Daily Forward, socialist and assimilationist. (Judaism unsuitable)Kishinev Pogrom||1903|
|5664||Conservative Movement – Solomon Schechter||1904|
|5665||Protocols – Nilus “Kill the Jews & save Russia” Pogroms||1905|
|5673||Beilis Trial – blood libel. Leo Frank lynched by mob in Georgia, USA, accused of murder.||Bernard Malamud- The Fixer||1913|
|5674||First World War – Britain declares war on the 9th Av. Jews on both sides. 500,000 Jewish soldiers fought in War.||1st World War||1914|
|5677||The Balfour Declaration and Chaim Weizman. The Chafetz Chaim and the ethics of speech. Rabbi Chaim Soloveitchik of Brisk – Analysis vs. Pilpul. 3,250,000 Jews in the USA||Demonstration and riots against Czar Nicholas II||1917|
|5677||Britain Captures Palestine from Turks – General Allenby with assistance of Nili spy network. Jews organize units in Britisharmy. Jabotinsky and TrumpeldorSarah Schnirer starts Jewish school for girls, Beit Yaacov movement begins to grow.||Bolshevik RevolutionLawrence of Arabia||1917|
|5679||60,000 Jews killed during Russian Revolution. Petlurya in Ukraine establishes independence pogroms begin, thousands of Jews brutally murdered.||Ukrainian independence||1919|
|5680||British Mandate, the Hagganah & the Irgun White Papers 1939, Aliyah Bet, restraint & revolt. Arabs attack Jewish settlements in Israel, Trumpeldor killed in Tel Chai..M. Kaplan – Reconstructionism||League of Nations||1920|
|5681||Arab riots in Jaffa, 47 Jews killed. 4 Jews killed defending Petach Tikvah||End of Russian civil war, Communists in power.||1921|
|5684||Rabbi Meir Shapiro of Lublin begins the Daf Yomi program||1923|
|5689||120,000 Jews in Israel. 4,000,000 Jews in USAArab riots against Jews in Israel, including pogrom in Hebron in which 67 Jews brutally murdered.Franz Rosenzweig – Assimilated German-Jewish philosopher returns to Judaism after 15 year search.||1929|
|5696||18 Jews killed in Arab riots in Tel-Aviv-Jaffa, beginning of “Arab Revolt” that claimed the lives of 500 Jews over the next three years.||1936|
|5698||Kristallnacht pogrom in Germany, incited by Nazis, Jews attacked and killed,, businesses, homes and synagogues ransacked and burnt down. Tens of thousands sent to concentration camps.||United States introduces 5 day work week.||1938|
|5699||Britain introduces “White Papers” drastically reducing Jewish immigration to Israel. Interns Jewish refugees in Cyprus, and in camps in Israel. Sends many back to Europe.||Second World War begins with German invasion of Poland||1939|
|5699||The Holocaust – enthusiastic help of local population. Indifference of world – (While Six Million Died, Morse) Jewish spiritual heroism. (With G-d in Hell, Berkovitz)Warsaw Ghetto Revolt||1939|
|5708||The State of Israel, War of Independence UN vote, partition, Jewish refugees – 600,000! Arabs – 400,000. Renewal of Yeshivot Assimilation and secularization of Sephardi Jewry.||Berlin Blockade||1948|
|5716||Sinai Campaign, War of Attrition||Russia in Hungary||1956|
|Fedayeen, hijackings, snipers, Katushyas, bombs||PLO Covenant||1964|
|5727||Six-Day War, Liberation of Jerusalem on 28th of Iyar. The Western Wall, Hebron in Jewish hands!. Russia breaks ties with Israel. Vatican calls for internationalization of Jerusalem||Vietnam War||1967|
|5727||The Baal-Teshuva Movement – Return to JudaismRefuseniks. Founding of Yeshivot for beginners||1967|
|Identity. Ethnic and national awareness. Pride. Ohr Somayach||1971|
|5733||The Yom-Kippur War. Two day’s ammunition left before US airlift. 2,500 Israeli soldiers killed. More Israeli baalei teshuvah than ’67. Profound demoralization, increased emigration from Israel, lack of idealism amongst secular Zionists grows.||WatergateArab Oil Embargo||1973|
|5737||Peace treaty with Egypt, Begin and Sadat Ethiopian Jews. Loss of Sinai peninsula. “Cold peace.”||Arabs alienate Egypt||1977|
|5741||Israel bombs Iraqi nuclear reactor-worldwide condemnation UN resolution condemning attack sponsored by Kuwait!||1981|
|5742||The Lebanon War. Katushyas, hostages, terrorism . PLO’s state within a state. Siege of Beirut. Diaspora Jews criticize Israel..||1982|
|5749||Start of Intifada – massive unrest and violent protest by Palestinians – Ultimately leading to Oslo Accords||1987|
|5750||Mass Immigration of Russian Jews to Israel||Glasnost-Perestroika||1990|
|5750||Iraqi missiles land in Israel- Population of Israel receives gas masks, seals rooms etc. Israel lauded for “restraint” 9th of Av- Iraq walks out of talks with Kuwait. Iraq invades Kuwait – US troops in Saudi Arabia – UN ultimatum January 15th – USA attacks Iraq 16th – Massive and continuous air bombardments. February 23 – Coalition forces enter Kuwait and Iraq – ground-war. Purim victory||1990|
|5751||Russian immigration continues. Albanian Jews make Aliyah. Rescue of Ethiopian Jewry..||Abandonment of Kurds. Syria in|
|5753||Signing of the Oslo Accords – Rabin and Arafat||1993|
|5756||Assassination of Prime Minister Rabin – wave of anti-religious sentiment sweeps country. Elections follow in which right-wing government of Likud under Netanyahu is elected||1995|
|6000||Beginning of 1000 years – Sabbath of the world.||2239|
General Editor: Rabbi Moshe Newman
Production Design: Lev Seltzer
HTML Design: Michael Treblow
Amen and Amen … #thankyouHaShem
Congratulations! you have made through another Bible Study!
Sounds some Praise and Joy to Our Father who is in Heaven!
Glory to the One and Only Living G-D… HaShem!
I pray that everyone, everywhere, repents and returns to the only one who can save HaShem!The True and Only Living G-d!
Receive Torah ….be back in the covenant of G-d. Be at the Har Sinai say yes and be saved…….. the choice is yours.
Amen and Amen
Say it again for the people in the back!
OAmein and OAmein
Biblical portion of Bible Study complete.
friendly reminder: Second Torah: Simchat Torah: Numbers 29:35 – 30:1 Haftarah:Joshua 1:1-18
Bamidbar (Numbers) Chapter 29
Bamidbar (Numbers) Chapter 30
Yehoshua (Joshua) Chapter 1
Today’s Bible Study is Complete.
Thank you Merciful HaShem, for allowing us to meet this day.(closing comment, Blessings After Reading The Torah, and Priestly Blessing and all sources are hyperlinked.)
note: All sources are hyperlinked to allow more translatable version in POD Cast.
I Pray others got something out of this Portion, Tanakh Bible Study, and Spiritual Torah Teaching.Until next time, let us close with…..
The Priestly Blessing
(Cover Art created by Marie Speaks GOD’s Grace Bible Study: Photos , Apps, Internet pull, or facebook page .. credits are noted on art and or hyperlinked for credit)
Click and follow for shorts.
For those that are new to this Bible Study.
Welcome, the following is a brief review of this Bible Study.
1. This BLOG post will have the resources and sources links for the Season 6 Bible Studies.
2. All Books used and Readings from during Live Bible Study can be found on Our Website: Marie Speaks GOD’s Grace. Live in the Bible Study Blogs portion of the website.
3. After Live Bible Studies have completed: I will upload to Rumble and Youtube, and post link in this BLOG. How we conduct Bible Studies here:
We believe in One and Only One G-D. HaShem; The G-D of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob.We do not and will not Pray in any others name or Praise any other, but HaShem.
Exodus chapter 20: 2-14.God spoke all these words, saying:I the LORD am your God who brought you out of the land of Egypt, the house of bondage:You shall have no other gods besides Me.You shall not make for yourself a sculptured image, or any likeness of what is in the heavens above, or on the earth below, or in the waters under the earth.You shall not bow down to them or serve them. For I the LORD your God am an impassioned God, visiting the guilt of the parents upon the children, upon the third and upon the fourth generations of those who reject Me, but showing kindness to the thousandth generation of those who love Me and keep My commandments.
We believe G-D has called each of us to search matters out. (It is the glory of God to conceal a matter, And the glory of a king to plumb a matter.Like the heavens in their height, like the earth in its depth, Is the mind of kings—unfathomable. Proverbs 25:2 -3)
This is one reason why here at Marie Speaks G-D’s Grace Bible Study, we review several historical references and resources, of which we provide links and or screen shots for others to study at their leisure.We have been directed by G-D Wonderful and Almighty, to go Book by Book, Verse by Verse; sharing HIS Torah and Tanakh.We believe as directed by G-D Our Heavenly Father, learning and growing in Torah and Tanakh leads to understanding and wisdom; this shall only be achieved in reading, studying, and sharing HIS Word for ourselves; not relying on man.
Learning, growing, and studying with OUR L-D is to be done with others that are like minded, but more so during our personal time.
The BLOGs are written to assist those just beginning to study the BIBLE as a starting point. The Live or recorded Bible Studies are to cover and release opportunities and guidance, but ultimately is ones own personal responsibility to rule, govern, and be purposeful in their relationship with G-D.
Proverbs 22: 4 thru 6The effect of humility is fear of the LORD, Wealth, honor, and life.Thorns and snares are in the path of the crooked; He who values his life will keep far from them.Train a lad in the way he ought to go; He will not swerve from it even in old age.
Ezekiel 18: 20 thru 22The person who sins, he alone shall die. A child shall not share the burden of a parent’s guilt, nor shall a parent share the burden of a child’s guilt; the righteousness of the righteous shall be accounted to him alone, and the wickedness of the wicked shall be accounted to him alone.Moreover, if the wicked one repents of all the sins that he committed and keeps all My laws and does what is just and right, he shall live; he shall not die.None of the transgressions he committed shall be remembered against him; because of the righteousness he has practiced, he shall live. Is it my desire that a wicked person shall die?—says the L-d G-D. It is rather that he shall turn back from his ways and live.
May HaShem, Blessed be He, continue to Bless us all and may we all be forever written in the Book of Life. O’Amein and O’AmeinA little about me: I love HaShem, TORAH, and Tanakh!!!!! I am not perfect!!!!
If we meet: We talking about Torah, drinking tea or coffee, and what books are out about HaShem! And maybe over some kosher pizza… maybe over some kosher steak…make over super sweet kosher cake ……. have a fun laugh about you guess it… Torah! Or on a bike, or during a hike, or while riding on a train in the rain as the rain falls nicely on the plain in Spain….., but either way…..We’ll be talking about TORAH!!!!
What is import to me:……..A relationship with Our Father HaShem, Our Merciful Creator, Savior, and Wise King. Live in Torah, live with Family and community of Tribe.
My thoughts: We may not be perfect, but we study, we learn, we laugh, & we grow; we try try and have the courage to try again.
My goals: To learn, and grow, and share Love of Torah in HaShem with others who are willing or open to hearing. HaShem is my refuge, my strength, my confidant, and my true resting place.I have been using the minds.com account and Rumble (Live Bible Study video Post: Rumble )as main accounts.
Lastly, NEVER LOSE FAITH, Hope, and have Courage!!!!Let’s continue to Fear and Love HaShem like a משיח and Pray.
PRAY FOR OUR NATION, enemies, fellows, and many lost Sons and Daughters of Torah to return to HaShem, Blessed be He, for ever and ever Amen. HaShem is with me … I shall not be afraid!!!!!
Blessings and Prayers.with Love truly,Marie
Let US Begin!!!!Link to Rumble LIVE Bible Study:
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